How to grow Rose?

  • Latin Family: Rose
  • Latin Genus: Rosaceae
  • Ease of Growing: Easy
  • Growing Type: Perennial

One of the most popular of flowers, the Rose makes a lovely addition to any garden. Roses encompass over 200 species of the genus Rosa and there are hundreds, if not thousands of unique varieties for gardens big and small. Some flower petals are flavorful and have some culinary use, while others are less palatable. Some varieties produce fruit known as rose hips that are excellent in tea and jam. These plants can be easy to grow or more temperamental depending on the species or cultivar. 

Rose History

Many different species of Roses are native to Europe and Asia. The rose has long been one of the most popular flowers in gardens, and has an extensive history of selective breeding to bring forth the varieties we see in gardens today. For a long time the flowers have been considered to be a symbol of love, appreciation and beauty.

Soil Preference

  • PH Ideal (min/max): 6.0 - 6.9

Roses prefer a moist, rich soil that is well-drained.

How to care for Rose?

Keep roses adequately spaced apart and well-pruned to increase air circulation. Prune out dying flowers and stems to keep the plant healthy and looking good. Keep the soil moist and fertilize once before flowering and another time after. Laying down a mulch helps to conserve moisture in the soil.


Roses need moist soil for the best blooms; about 1" per week. Keep well-watered but never let the soil become soggy. Take care to not let the foliage get wet. Drip irrigation is the best method for roses. If there is not adequate rains during the fall, give a good watering before the ground freezes.


Roses are moderate feeders, and will produce the best flowers when fertilized regularly before blooming. It's also beneficial to feed plants after blooming has stopped.


Sun: min. 6 hours daily

Roses perform best when planted in full sun.

Conditions:Cold, Cool, Warm

Season:Short Season, Long Season

Part shade

In areas with hot summers, roses will benefit from partial afternoon shade.


Season:Short Season, Long Season


Rose Types

  • Miniature
  • Miniature rose bushes only grow 6 to 18" tall and have flowers proportionate to their miniature habit. Most are extremely hardy and bloom year after year. Their roots are more shallow than other roses and may need to be protected from winter weather in zones 1 to 3. Miniature roses are great for squeezing into small spaces and rock gardens.

  • Bush Roses
  • Bush roses are the most common type of rose that you might normally think of, characterized by their upright growth - no need for staking. Bush roses can include Hybrid Tea Roses, Polyantha roses, Floribunda roses, Grandiflora roses, Heritage roses, and Tree Roses.


  • Aphids
  • Spider Mites
  • European Corn Borer
  • Japanese Beetle
  • Thrips
  • Scales
  • Leafhoppers


  • Rust
  • Bacterial Canker
  • Powdery Mildew

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