Large, broad, slightly twisted leaves that form round, tight-packed heads
Also called escarole, Batavian Endive's large, broad, slightly twisted lettuce-like leaves form round, tight-packed heads. They are well blanched, with creamy-white deep hearts, and a bulky texture. The leaves are slightly bitter. Endive is delicious in salads, or eat braised or steamed.Asteraceae Cichorium endivia
The broad-leaved varieties are sometimes known as Escarole and are the hardiest types of endive. They are usually grown as a fall or winter salad crop.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 85-90 (Spring/Summer), 95-100 (Fall/Winter)
- Growing Habit
Endive can tolerate some frost, which may even improve the flavor.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Fall, Winter
- Growing Season
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Cold, Cool, Warm
Full sun is important when endive is growing in cool weather. In warm conditions it will probably do better in light shade.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 45°F - 75°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Endive is a hardy crop and prefers to grow in cool weather.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
- Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Cold, Cool)
Full sun is very important when Endive is growing in cool weather.
The soil must be kept evenly moist, otherwise the plants may bolt.
Endive needs a rich soil for best growth.
- Tolerates light frost, Needs summer shade
- Small Gardens?
Endive is an excellent candidate for container growing. One plant can thrive in a pot that is 8 inches in diameter. Keep the soil moist with regular watering. Endive likes cool weather, so be sure that your container has access to shade in warm temperatures. Conversely, provide access to sunshine in the cooler months.
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Dark Green
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
Slightly bitter taste that is best when served in salads or grilled. The bitter taste can also be complemented by stuffing with smoked fish or cheese. Recommend a sweet balsamic vinegar to complete the flavor.