Peas have been cultivated by humans for anywhere from 8,000 to 12,000 years. Dried Shelling Peas are typically used for soups or stews, and fresh shelled immature peas are good lightly steamed or boiled. Unlike Snow Peas or Snap Peas, their pod is too fibrous to be edible, and the peas themselves must be removed from the shells.
These varieties grow in the familiar vining form and tend to be more productive than the bush types.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 60-70 (Spring/Summer), 62-76 (Fall/Winter)
- Growing Habit
Peas are very frost tolerant.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Summer, Fall Transplant, Fall
- Growing Season
- Short, Long
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
Peas are cool weather plants, hardy down to 20 degrees (28 degrees F when flowering). They prefer mild temperatures (55 to 75 degrees F) and don't usually set pods above 80 degrees F. In areas with hot summers they are grown as a spring or fall crop (fall planting presents its own problems however).
It is important to plant your peas early, so that they have enough time to mature before the hot weather sets in. Normally the first peas are planted 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost date.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 45°F - 75°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Pea seeds will germinate over a wide temperature range, but do so much faster in warm soil. At 40˚F they may take over a month to germinate (if they don’t rot or get eaten in the meantime). At 70˚F they may take only a week.
These large nutritious seeds are vulnerable once planted, so you don't want them sitting in the soil for too long. For this reason it's best to wait until the soil is at least 45 degrees and preferably 60 degrees.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
- Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Cool)
Peas should get about one inch of water per week. In cool spring weather peas will usually get enough water from rainfall so you don't have to irrigate. Watering at this time may encourage mildew and can actually reduce yields. If the soil starts to get dry at any time you must start watering. This is particularly important from the time the flowers appear, as water is needed for pod formation and maturation.
Low nitrogen. Low potassium. Low phosphorous.
Peas aren't very hungry plants.
- Tolerates light frost
- Small Gardens?
It is possible to grow peas in fairly deep containers (at least 8"), but they won't be very productive. To increase productivity, increase the amount of compost tea you give your plant, especially during flowering and fruiting.
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
These peas are ideally suited for soups.