Heavy producer, produces in the first season, thornless
Rich flavor, well suited to grow as an annual if you can't overwinter. Up to 4" in diameter, the 6 to 8 buds are smooth and almost spineless. Will perennialize in areas above zone 7. Produces buds the first year. Very slow to open when mature. In warm areas such as California, treat as a perennial and leave for 6 to 7 years until they need to be divided. In colder regions, artichokes should be treated as annuals as the roots will die with prolonged freezing.Asteraceae Cynara cardunculus
In colder areas with severe winters, you should grow Artichokes as annuals. Seed varieties found in this category are great for annual cultivation, and produce well in their first year.
Artichoke is considered to be one of the ultimate vegetables. No other vegetable is quite as decadently delicious when cooked fresh from the garden. This is somewhat ironic when you consider that it is actually a kind of Thistle. The sprawling plants need a lot of space, so the yield per square foot is very low. They are also quite low maintenance and need almost no attention.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 80-100 (Spring/Summer)
- Growing Habit
They are quite frost tender. In cool climates they are grown as an annual and in warm cliamtes they are grown as perennial.
- Spring Transplant
- Growing Season
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Cool, Warm
They grow best in the mild, damp, maritime climate of coastal California. The plants won't survive in cold winters, so in northern areas they must either be grown as annuals or protected over the winter. They need full sun.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 45°F - 85°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Don’t plant out until all frost danger is past and the soil has warmed up to at least 55˚ F.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
- Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Cool, Warm)
Artichokes are native to the Mediterranean and need full sun for best growth.
Though relatively drought tolerant, Artichokes yield better if the soil is kept evenly moist. Water is especially crucial when the buds are developing.
Artichokes are most productive when grown without any check in their growth, which means they must get all the nutrients they need. They are usually fed annually with a mulch of compost or aged manure. You can also use an occasional foliar feed of compost tea or liquid kelp.
- Needs lots of space
- Small Gardens?
- Yes, but will need a large one, like a half wine barrel
Artichokes can be grown in containers, but it's tricky and requires a lot of work. It's important to choose a pot with the right dimensions. Your container needs to be at least 20" deep and 36 to 40" in diameter. Choose a pot that has several drainage holes on the bottom, as Artichokes are very susceptible to being waterlogged. Line the bottom with large stones/gravel or netting to prevent soil erosion and fill with a light and loamy, moisture-retaining soil. Incorporate fertilizer such as compost or manure a few days before you plant your Artichokes. Artichokes require lots of water and nutrients. Water well 3 to 4 times a day, and fertilize regularly with compost tea every 1 or 2 weeks. It can also be helpful to use a high-nitrogen fertilizer for the first 3 to 4 weeks. Make sure your Artichokes receive plenty of sunshine.
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Rich Green
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
Sweet mild flavored, delicious.