> When Cold, Cool, Warm

Carrots need full sun for best production, though they may do okay in part shade in hot climates. They also like a fairly warm soil.

> When outdoor temp: 45°F to 75°F, optimal temp 60°F to 70°F
> When min soil temp: 45°F

Carrots germinate very slowly in cold soil, so it's best to allow the soil to warm up a little. It takes 50 days for them to germinate at 40 degrees, but only 17 days at 50 degrees.

Seed Depth

0.25"-0.5"

Sow the seed 1/4" deep in cool soil, up to 1/2" deep in warmer soil.

Spacing

3.0", 16 plants per sq ft

The right spacing depends on the fertility of the soil, the type of Carrot and the size of the root you want. A wider spacing results in larger roots.

5" (poor soil)

3" (good soil)

1 1/2" (excellent soil)

1" (Baby carrots)

Spring Crop

2-3 weeks before LFD

You can plant your first carrots as soon as the soil is ready to be worked in spring, it depends on soil temperature.

Carrots can be grown right through the summer, though they aren't as good when growing in hot weather.

Intensive beds:

1. Place 2 to 3 seeds in 1/4˝ to 1/2˝ deep drills 3" apart.

Rows: Plant short rows of Carrots across the bed, as it wastes less seed, they are easier to thin and it is easier to deal with weeds.

1. Scrape 1/4˝ to 1/2˝ deep furrows with a hoe and sow the seed at roughly half the desired spacing (3" apart).

2. Then close up the furrows (preferably with the same soil and compost mix used to cover the broadcast seeds). Some people mix a little Radish seed in with the Carrot seed, to mark the rows and break up any soil crust.

Broadcasting:

1. You can broadcast the seeds 1/2˝ apart.

2. Cover the seeds on the bed with a thin 1/8˝ to 1/4˝ layer of soil. If your topsoil has a tendency to crust, you may want to use a mix of sifted soil and compost.

The main thing to remember when broadcasting is to sow the seeds at the right density. Beginners usually plant too thickly, which wastes seed and necessitates some tedious hand thinning.

Sowing Carrot seed is tricky because it is small and light. You might try mixing the small seeds with sand, to make it easier to distribute them evenly.

 

Fall Crop

8-10 weeks before FFD

Fall Carrots should be sown from mid to late summer (a minimum of 8 to 10 weeks before the first frost) to give them time to mature before it gets too cold. In mild climates they will continue to grow right through the winter. They must be started early though, so they are almost mature by the time the first frost hits. If they are too small when cold weather arrives, they will simply sit in the ground until spring and then bolt. Make one large planting for winter use, as you will be eating them for months.

Intensive beds:

1. Place 2 to 3 seeds in 1/4˝ to 1/2˝ deep drills 2" apart.

Rows: Plant short rows of Carrots across the bed, as it wastes less seed, they are easier to thin and it is easier to deal with weeds.

1. Scrape 1/4˝ to 1/2˝ deep furrows with a hoe and sow the seed at roughly half the desired spacing (1" apart).

2. Then close up the furrows (preferably with the same soil and compost mix used to cover the broadcast seeds). Some people mix a little Radish seed in with the Carrot seed, to mark the rows and break up any soil crust.

Broadcasting:

1. You can broadcast the seeds 1/2˝ apart

2. Cover the seeds on the bed with a thin 1/8˝ to 1/4˝ layer of soil. If your topsoil has a tendency to crust, you may want to use a mix of sifted soil and compost.

The main thing to remember when broadcasting is to sow the seeds at the right density. Beginners usually plant too thickly, which wastes seed and necessitates some tedious hand thinning.

Sowing Carrot seed is tricky because it is small and light. You might try mixing the small seeds with sand, to make it easier to distribute them evenly.

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