Climbs corn, great fresh or dry,
Often used as a cornfield bean. Excellent fresh flavor. Good canned. Similar to other beans for freezing and drying quality (“leather britches on a shuck”). Pods grow 3½–4 in. long and cling to the vines. Seeds are buff, frosted with brown on one end. Heirloom from VA, NC, and TN. According to folklore, a hunter shot a turkey and removed a bean from its craw; the bean was later planted and saved, hence the name Turkey Craw.Fabaceae Phaseolus vulgaris
Also known as string beans, French beans or green beans, this easy crop is a mainstay of the traditional vegetable garden. They were once commonly called string beans, but most modern varieties don't have strings.
Pole varieties are taller and will need some sort of support. Pole beans take longer to mature, but produce for an extended harvest for 6 - 8 weeks.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 60-90 (Spring/Summer)
- Growing Habit
Beans are temperature sensitive and shouldn't be planted until the soil has reached at least 65˚ F.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Summer
- Growing Season
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Warm, Hot
Beans like a warm sunny spot. They are not at all hardy and any frost will kill them. These tall plants are vulnerable to being blown over, so should be sheltered from high winds and supported on a stable and secure structure.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 60°F - 80°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Don’t plant Pole Beans out until all frost danger is past and the soil is warm (at least 60˚ F and ideally 80˚ F).
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
Beans should have evenly moist soil at all times. Water lightly at planting, medium at flowering, and heavily throughout harvest time. Avoid overhead watering which can promote disease.
Low nitrogen. Moderate potassium. Moderate phosphorous.
Beans don't need a lot of nitrogen in the soil because they fix their own. In fact, if there is a lot in the soil they won't go to the trouble of fixing it. They do need plenty of potassium and phosphorus though.
They are sometimes planted after a crop that was heavily amended, or after a winter cover crop.
- Small Gardens?
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
Excellent fresh flavor. Good canned. Similar to other beans for freezing and drying quality (“leather britches on a shuck”).