Dry bean originally from the Arikara nation of the Dakota Territory
A tan to creamy yellow dry bean originally from the Arikara nation of the Dakota Territory, introduced by Oscar Will in about 1915. Has been identified as the same variety collected by the Lewis and Clark expedition and grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Drought tolerant and productive; a living piece of the Old West!Fabaceae Phaseolus vulgaris
Dry beans are easy to grow and store and are one of the most important sources of protein for people on earth. They come in a wide variety of sizes and colors and may be known as pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, white beans or black beans. All are the same species (Phaseolus Vulgaris), however.
These varieties are shorter, bush varieties. Bush varieties mature faster than pole varieties, but only produce for 1 - 3 weeks. Bush beans are great candidates for succession sowing for this reason.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 80-85 (Spring/Summer)
- Growing Habit
Beans are temperature sensitive and shouldn't be planted until the soil has reached at least 65˚ F.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Summer
- Growing Season
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Warm, Hot
To grow dry beans you plant them all at once, as soon as the soil is warm enough. They need a longer period of warm weather to produce dry beans. They are not at all hardy and any frost will kill them. Beans like a warm sunny spot.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 60°F - 80°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Don’t plant Pole Beans out until all frost danger is past and the soil is warm (at least 6o˚ F and ideally 80˚ F). If beans are planted in cold soil, they may rot. You can warm the soil beforehand with cloches or plastic mulch, or start them indoors if you must have an early crop.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
Beans should have evenly moist soil at all times. Water lightly at planting, medium at flowering, and heavily throughout harvest time. Avoid overhead watering which can promote disease.
Low nitrogen. Moderate potassium. Moderate phosphorous.
Beans don't need a lot of nitrogen in the soil because they fix their own. In fact, if there is a lot in the soil they won't go to the trouble of fixing it. They do need plenty of potassium and phosphorus though.
They are sometimes planted after a crop that was heavily amended, or after a winter cover crop.
- Drought tolerant
- Small Gardens?
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
Delicious dense creamy texture, ideal for soup.