(Golden Heart Endive) Early, blanch prior to harvest, best grown in fall
(Golden Heart Endive) Early Frisee-type with deep-green outer leaves shading to a warm cream-color interior. Elaborate leaves are very deeply notched, or, as the Italians would say, ‘molto fastigliata.’ Blanching prior to harvest makes for a milder flavor and a more delicate color. Best grown as a fall crop. “Buon apetito!’Asteraceae Cichorium endivia
Riccia Cuor D'Oro
These varieties are sometimes known as Curly Endive, or by the more chic French name of Chicory Frisee. These are more tolerant of hot weather than the Broad-leaved varieties, so are more often grown in spring and fall. They are much more visually appealing and find their way into many salad mixes.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 60-80 (Spring/Summer), 60-80 (Fall/Winter)
- Growing Habit
Endive can tolerate some frost, which may even improve the flavor.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Fall
- Growing Season
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Cold, Cool, Warm
Full sun is important when endive is growing in cool weather. In warm conditions it will probably do better in light shade.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 45°F - 75°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Endive is a hardy crop and prefers to grow in cool weather.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
- Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Cold, Cool)
Full sun is very important when Endive is growing in cool weather.
The soil must be kept evenly moist, otherwise the plants may bolt.
Endive needs a rich soil for best growth.
- Tolerates light frost, Needs summer shade
- Small Gardens?
Endive is an excellent candidate for container growing. One plant can thrive in a pot that is 8 inches in diameter. Keep the soil moist with regular watering. Endive likes cool weather, so be sure that your container has access to shade in warm temperatures. Conversely, provide access to sunshine in the cooler months.
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
Fine curly leaves that can add a mildly bitter flavor and spice up any salad; or it can be blanched for a smoother flavor.