Blood-red kernels are perfect for flour, cereal or roasting ears
This is the original 'Bloody Butcher'. Stalks grow 10 to 12' tall, producing 2 ears per stalk. Kernels are blood-red with darker red stripes, and occasional white or blue kernels. Use for flour, cereal or roasting ears. Introduced about 1845. Originally from Virginia.Poaceae Zea mays var. indentata
Corn flour is synonymous with cornmeal. Flour corn is made almost entirely of soft starch. The kernels are soft, mealy, and easy to grind. Within this type we also include 3 sub-types of Field Corn: Dent (including Gourdseed), Flint, and Soft.
Dent (Z. mays var. indentata): The kernels of this corn have a depression in the middle and their starch is a mixture of hard and soft. Almost 80% commercial corn is this type. Depending on when they are picked they can be used for cornmeal, hominy, roasting corn or sweet corn.
Gourdseed is an old type of dent corn once widely used for cornmeal and considered superior for cornbread. Gourdseed corns are some of our oldest corns, and were commonly grown in southern Virginia. The plants of gourdseed corn are heavily stalked and bear ears having a large number of rows of thin, deep kernels. These valuable corns originated from Indian gourdseed corn dating back to at least 1700. They were used for roasting ears, and for feed and flour.
Flint (Z. mays var. indurata): The very hard starch in the semi-translucent seeds earns this the name Flint corn. It grows well in cooler climates than other corns. It is used for cornmeal, though it is so hard it can be difficult to grind.
Soft (Z. mays var. amylacea): The seeds contain mostly soft starch. This type of corn is easily ground into meal and is commonly used for bread, tortillas, and corn chips.
Flour corn varieties can also be showy, which makes them good for decorating purposes, too. There are many types of corn that can be dried and displayed, with a wide range of different sizes, colors, and husks.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 100-110 (Spring/Summer)
- Growing Habit
Corn is a tropical grass and needs warm weather. It is not at all hardy.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Summer
- Growing Season
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Warm, Hot
Corn is a sub-tropical plant and uses C4 photosynthesis, which enables it to grow more efficiently in high heat and light levels. It needs warm weather and as much sunlight as it can get.
Corn can be grown in an intensive bed, but it must be in a large block for best pollination. There must be at least a group of 12 plants to insure good pollination.
It is a tall growing plant, so must be planted where it won't shade other plants.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 50°F - 95°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Corn needs a warm soil for good germination. It will take 3 weeks to germinate at 50 degrees, but only 4 days at 80 degrees.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
- Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Warm, Hot)
Corn uses an especially efficient form of photosynthesis that enables it to grow rapidly in the high intensity light and heat of the tropics. It should be placed in the sunniest spot in the garden.
The best way to irrigate is with a soaker hose or a drip system. Don't use sprinklers during the pollen shedding stage, as it may affect pollination.
Corn is a notoriously hungry plant, which isn't surprising when you consider how fast it can grow. For best growth it needs generous amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, as well as all of the other plant nutrients.
- High heat, Needs lots of space
- Small Gardens?
- Yes, but will need a large one, like a half wine barrel
It is possible to grow corn in a large container of fertile soil, but it's probably not worthwhile. Be aware that you won't get much for the space it takes up, and you will have to hand pollinate such a small number of plants.
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Dark Red
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
Use for flour, cereal or roasting ears.