Early cut green bean has great flavor, red/white dry beans are tasty
This is the bean that is said to have come to America with the Pilgrims in 1620. This old cut short green bean has great flavor and the red/white beans are quite tasty. A long-time staple in the Carolinas.Fabaceae Phaseolus vulgaris
Dry beans are easy to grow and store and are one of the most important sources of protein for people on earth. They come in a wide variety of sizes and colors and may be known as pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, white beans or black beans. All are the same species (Phaseolus Vulgaris), however.
Pole varieties are taller and will need some sort of support. Pole beans take longer to mature, but produce for an extended harvest for 6 - 8 weeks.
- Ease of Growing
- Grown as
- Days to Maturity
- 100 (Spring/Summer)
- Growing Habit
Beans are temperature sensitive and shouldn't be planted until the soil has reached at least 65˚ F.
- Spring Transplant, Spring, Summer
- Growing Season
- Short, Long
- Cultivar Type
- Growing Conditions
- Warm, Hot, Short days
Beans like a warm sunny spot. They are not at all hardy and any frost will kill them. These tall plants are vulnerable to being blown over, so should be sheltered from high winds and supported on a stable and secure structure.
- Outdoor Growing Temp
- 60°F - 80°F
- Min Outdoor Soil Temp
Don’t plant Pole Beans out until all frost danger is past and the soil is warm (at least 6o˚ F and ideally 80˚ F). If beans are planted in cold soil, they may rot. You can warm the soil beforehand with cloches or plastic mulch, or start them indoors if you must have an early crop.
- Start Indoors
- Start Outdoors
Beans should have evenly moist soil at all times. Water lightly at planting, medium at flowering, and heavily throughout harvest time. Avoid overhead watering which can promote disease.
Low nitrogen. Moderate potassium. Moderate phosphorous.
Beans don't need a lot of nitrogen in the soil because they fix their own. In fact, if there is a lot in the soil they won't go to the trouble of fixing it. They do need plenty of potassium and phosphorus though.
They are sometimes planted after a crop that was heavily amended, or after a winter cover crop.
- Small Gardens?
- Attracts beneficial insects?
- Fruit Size
- Plant Height
- Plant Diameter
- Hardiness Zone
- Disease Resistance
- Taste Profile
The green beans have great flavor when cut short and the red/white dry beans are tasty.