Onion : Wethersfield Red
Legendary in Connecticut's "most ancient town", pleasant flavored
This onion is legendary in Conneticut’s “most ancient town” and traces its development to the 1700’s. Today it is celebrated as an icon and logo of Wethersfield. We may have been the first company to sell seeds for it commercially, but before we offered it, this onion was already popular from New York to Bermuda and brought much wealth to the onion growers of the town. Our 1856 catalog states, “It is the kind mostly grown at Wethersfield. It grows to large size, deep red, thick, approaching to round shape, fine-grained, pleasant flavored, and very productive. It ripens in September, and keeps well.” It is a slightly flattened onion of renowned quality and is sure to become a tradition in your garden this year.Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa
Wait until the tops fall over and start to change color, this is a sign they are mature. In cool, humid areas when all tops have fallen; in cool, dry areas when half the tops have fallen; and in warm areas when a third of the tops have fallen. Loosen the soil around the onion with a fork and gently pull it from the soil.
When and How
When: If you want to store the bulbs for any length of time, they must be fully mature.
When bulbing is complete, the tops turn yellow and die back, as they have no more energy in them. Stop watering your Onions at this time so they can dry out and cure. Some gardeners knock over any remaining green leaves at this point, to hasten their drying. Don’t do this prematurely though, wait until at least a half of the tops have fallen by themselves and take care not to bruise the bulb. Leave the bulbs for another week to die back fully.
How: Lift the bulbs and leave them in the sun for a few days to dry out. If the sun is very hot, you should move them to a shady place, as they can be cooked by very strong sunlight. If there is danger of rain you should move them under cover.
After the tops have dried out completely, cut them off, leaving 1˝ on the bulb (obviously if you want to braid your onions don’t do this).
Curing & Storage: Before storing onion bulbs, you should examine them carefully. The papery outer skin should be in good condition, there should be no bruising and the neck should be dry and papery. If the neck is still thick it didn’t mature properly and won’t store very well. These bulbs should be eaten first.
Store the bulbs in boxes, mesh bags (old panty hose works well), or make onion braids. Keep them in a cool dry place, at 32 to 50° F and 60% humidity. Excessive moisture can encourage sprouting.
Onion braids look great hanging in the kitchen, but it is too warm and dry to store them there for any length of time (they will dry out). I suppose you could make a number of small braids and bring them into the kitchen as you need them.
Red ringed flesh
Onions are a good source of vitamin C, potassium and calcium and contain a variety of beneficial phytochemicals. The green leaves are rich in vitamin A.